Copyright is usually owned by the creator, however copyright can be shared, sold, given or contracted away.
The copyright in material you create belongs to you, unless you sign a contract to state otherwise.
If you create work as part of your employment, copyright will likely be owned by your employer as stated in your employment contract. If your employer is commissioned or contracted by another company to create work on their behalf, copyright will likely be owned by the commissioning company.
If you sign a contract with a publisher, research, or funding body, check the agreement terms to see who will own copyright. If the contract is unclear, request a clarification from the other party.
If you collaborate with someone, copyright is owned equally by the multiple creators. It’s a good idea to have a contract or written statement that confirms you created the work together and hold equal copyright ownership.
All copyright owners need to approve a request to reproduce the work before someone can copy or communicate any part of it. You can delegate someone in your agreement to make these decisions for you.