Boosting levels of physical activity is seen as one of the key health challenges for the 21st century, both within Australia and globally. Chronic diseases are responsible for 68 per cent of all deaths worldwide yet changing this could be as simple as changing human behaviour.
Physical inactivity is among the leading preventable causes of chronic diseases, which include coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, breast cancer and colon cancer. Yet the health of the Australian population is being influenced by the Increasing levels of physical inactivity combined with other unhealthy patterns.
Research shows that regular physical activity is strongly linked to chronic disease prevention and overall optimal health and well-being. Historically, most of the evidence for physical activity and health has been based on studies which examine the health benefits of engaging in regular aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, cycling and sporting-related activities.