Research on Transitional Justice (TJ) in Afghanistan is insufficient. Yet the use of amnesties as one type of TJ that has been recurrent in the country's political history. This research explores the long-term implications of amnesties covering 1978 to 2021 by analysing its goals, and how these amnesties might have contributed to, or failed to deliver state building, reconciliation, and accountability in Afghanistan. The country has gone through multiple temporalities of political conflicts over fifty years, from the Soviet-Afghan war (1979-1989) followed by the intra-Afghan civil war (1992-2001) and the subsequent post-9/11 United States-led international military intervention (2001-2021). All involved serious human-rights abuse and crimes. This research will contribute to regional studies of TJ in an Islamic Southeast Asian country.